ï»?!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd xhtml 1.0 transitional//en" "http://www.w3.org/tr/xhtml1/dtd/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> mayisoft 深入开展“三严三实”专题教è‚?/title> <!--end component HTML组件(title)--> <link href="../../../../../template/1370368/1370391.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" /> </head> <body> <!--start component HTML组件(tou)--> <table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tr> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369958.jpg" width="1024" height="210" /></td> </tr> </table> <!--end component HTML组件(tou)--> <!--start component HTML组件(nav)--> <table width="960" height="38" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" background="../../../../../template/1369942/1369952.jpg"> <tr> <td width="75" align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">é¦?é¡?/a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368789/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">中央精神</a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1371242/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">图解公司专题教育实施方案</a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368791/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">集团部署</a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368793/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">基层动æ€?/a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368795/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">专题党课</a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368797/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">学习研讨</a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368799/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">媒体报道</a></td> <td align="center"><img src="../../../../../template/1369942/1369953.jpg" width="6" height="38" /></td> <td align="center"><a href="../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368801/index.html" target="_blank" class="menu font14 fontb">图片报道</a></td> </tr> </table> <!--end component HTML组件(nav)--> <table width="960" height="10" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tr> <td></td> </tr> </table> <!--start component 当前路径(lj)--> <table width="960" height="36" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" background="../../../../../template/1370368/1370376.jpg"> <tr> <td width="20"> </td> <td>当前位置ï¼? <a href=../../../../../index.html target=_blank>中国华能</a>  >  <a href=../../../../../n31539/index.html target=_blank>专题聚焦</a>  >  <a href=../../../../../n31539/n1326707/index.html target=_blank>2015å¹?/a>  >  <a href=../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/index.html target=_blank>深入开å±?ldquo;三严三实”专题教育</a>  >  <a href=../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368797/index.html target=_blank>学习研讨</a> </td> </tr> </table> <!--end component 当前路径(lj)--> <table width="960" height="10" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tr> <td></td> </tr> </table> <!--start component 文章组件(new)--> <table width="960" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="frame1"> <tr> <td valign="top"><table width="85%" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tr> <td> </td> </tr> </table> <table width="85%" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="margin-top:35px;margin-bottom:15px;"> <tr> <td height="90" align="center" class="font35"> 技术经济研究院:用民主集中制规范我们的领导行为 </td> </tr> </table> <table width="85%" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tr> <td class="height26 font14" align="center"> 发布时间:2015å¹?1æœ?9æ—?   信息来源:技术经济研究院 </td> </tr> </table> <table width="85%" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tr> <td height="20"> </td> </tr> </table> <table width="85%" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tr> <td class="height26 font14">   <p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 23.5pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.96; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 黑体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt">一、必须全面准确地理解民主集中åˆ?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">习近平同志在河北省委领导班子专题民主生活会上指出,坚持民主集中制、开展批评和自我批评、严格党内生活、坚持党性原则基础上的团结,是保证党的创造力、凝聚力、战斗力和党的团结统一的重要法宝。总书记的这段讲话被媒体概括为“四大重要法宝”。在“四大重要法宝”中,第一条就是坚持民主集中制。通过这段时间的学习,通过正反两个方面典型的对比,我发现,在我党发展历史的上,凡是在革命建设过程中被公认的好领导好干部都有一个共同点,那就是在贯彻民主集中制方面做得非常好;凡是走向反面的领导干部,一个共同的特点就是肆意践踏民主集中制,大权独揽、以权谋私、目中无人、老子天下第一等。因此,用民主集中制规范我们的领导行为非常重要ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">用民主集中制规范我们的领导行为必须全面准确地理解民主集中制。在这里,我们共同重温一下民主集中制的有关内容ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">民主集中制是中国共产党的组织原则,是党的根本组织制度和领导制度。党的组织制度是指对党的组织原则、组织机构和组织纪律用党规党法的形式固定下来,并要求所有党的组织和党员共同遵守的,按一定程序办事的组织规程。党的领导制度是指党的领导工作与活动的规则和程序。中国共产党的领导制度是按照民主集中制原则建立起来的,它对党的领导机关的产生、构成形式及其相互关系,领导机关的权限、活动程序、工作指导原则等都做了具体规定ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">民主集中制包括民主和集中两个方面,二者密切相关,缺一不可。民主是集中的基础,只有充分发扬民主,才能达到正确的集中;集中是民主的指导,只有实行高度集中,才能实现真正的民主。如果把民主与集中割裂开来,只讲集中,不讲民主,就必然出现个人独断专行,官僚主义滋长;反之,如果只讲民主,不讲集中,又会出现极端民主化以及无政府状态。实行民主集中制的目的是努力创造又有集中又有民主,又有纪律又有自由,又有统一意志又有个人心情舒畅的生动活泼的政治局面ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24.1pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">民主集中制有六项基本要求ï¼?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">1.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">四个服从:党员个人服从党的组织,少数服从多数,下级组织服从上级组织,全党各个组织和全体党员服从党的全国代表大会和中央委员会ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">2¡£</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">民主选举:党的各级领导机关,除它们派出的代表机关和在非党组织中的党组外,都由选举产生ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">3.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">定期报告:党的最高领导机关,是党的全国代表大会和它所产生的中央委员会。党的地方各级领导机关,是党的地方各级代表大会和它们所产生的委员会,党的各级委员会向同级的代表大会负责并报告工作ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">4.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">相互沟通:党的上级组织要经常听取下级组织和党员群众的意见,及时解决他们提出的问题。党的下级组织既要向上级组织请示和报告工作,又要独立负责地解决自己职责范围内的问题。上下级组织之间要互通情报、互相支持和互相监督。党的各级组织要使党员对党内事务有更多的了解和参与ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">5.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">集体领导和个人分工负责相结合:党的各级委员会实行集体领导和个人分工负责相结合的制度。凡属重大问题都要按照集体领导、民主集中、个别酝酿、会议决定的原则,由党的委员会集体讨论,作出决定;委员会成员要根据集体的决定和分工,切实履行自己的职责ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">6.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">禁止个人崇拜:党禁止任何形式的个人崇拜。要保证党的领导人的活动处于党和人民的监督之下,同时维护一切代表党和人民利益的领导人的威信ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">从民主集中制的基本概念和内容上看,民主集中制是一个有机的整体,是民主与集中的统一,是知与行的统一,应该全面系统地理解和把握。但在实际工作中,我们往往做不到这一点。我们对民主集中制理解是不全面、不系统的。这种不全面、不系统表现在:一些领导干部过分强调集中而忽视了民主,过分强调知而忽视了行。实际上民主集中制既强调统一思想,又强调统一行动。过去大家更多的是关注统一思想,而在统一行动上关注的不够。如一项决策通过民主集中制形成以后,在执行过程中总会遇到这样或那样的问题,在决策时保留的个人意见在执行中一遇到困难就被放大,表现为消极抵触和怨言,甚至忘记了“四个服从”的要求,没有做到行动上的统一。很多人在这方面做得不好,包括我自己ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">对照民主集中制的六项要求,反思我们的领导行为,从我个人来讲,我有些做的还不够。如定期报告和相互沟通坚持不好,过去我认为高效率地工作就符合组织原则,因此懒于报告,嫌报告麻烦;相互沟通也存在一些问题,片面地认为,道理大家都明白,没有必要再啰嗦,导致在执行过程出现了一些矛盾和误解,上下不能做到知行合一。从大的角度说,就是宣贯不好,从小的方面讲,就是沟通不好,导致上下想法不一致,集中不起来,最后靠强制集中又出现了一些新的问题。再一个就是集体领导与个人分工负责相结合的原则,过去只强调分工负责,而对集体领导没什么概念。总认为做好自己分管的工作,尽心尽力完成任务就可问心无愧,而对于怎么发挥领导班子集体的领导作用、怎么带头贯彻班子的统一部署没有明确的认识,思想上有偏见,对于班子的集体领导考虑的不多ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 23.5pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.96; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 黑体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt">二、用民主集中制规范我们的领导行为<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">每一个党员领导干部都要用民主集中制规范自己的领导行为。那么领导行为是什么呢?领导行为就是参与决策、管人用人、组织协调、贯彻落实,其本质就是发扬民主、集中意志、统一行动、完成任务。这些行为都必须在民主集中制的框架下去完成。我体会ï¼?/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">用民主集中制规范自己的领导行为应注意以下三个关键问题ï¼?span lang="EN-US" style="color: #333333"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24.1pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">1¡£</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">准确定位ã€?/span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">作为党组书记,我是党组一员,领导班子一员,我的身份是党组的带头人、上级部署的执行者、本级决策的组织者、工作的发起人、关系的协调者,等等,这些身份没有一个能表明你是权力拥有者。因此,要准确定位,带头贯彻党的组织制度和领导制度,做好带头人、贯彻者、执行者、组织者、发起人、协调者ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 24.1pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">2¡£</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">正确处理集体领导和个人分工负责相结合的关系ã€?/span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial">集体领导是我党根本的组织制度,分工负责是集体领导的实现形式。实行集体领导,必然要分工负责,否则,集体领导就变成了主要领导人的领导。实行分工负责,必须服从集体领导,否则,分工负责就成了画地为牢ã€?/span><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">怎么理解集体领导?我们所有的决策都是集体作出的,重大人事安排是集体决定的,作为领导干部参与了集体决策、集体研究、集体安排,你就参与了集体领导。分工负责是集体领导的具体体现,班子成员在集体领导下,分工负责贯彻落实集体决策。分工负责有两个形态,一个是固定分工,另一个是临时授权。过去我们往往专注于固定分工,而忽视临时授权,甚至内心排斥、有抵触,认为不是职责范围内的事。正确地处理集体领导与分工负责的关系,就是要认识到集体领导不是一把手说了算,分工负责不是画地为牢ã€?<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">    </span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal">3.</b></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">提高集中的水平和行使民主的能力ã€?/span></b><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">民主是集中指导下的民主,作为领导干部,要提高集中的水平。集中的水平体现领导干部的素质和能力。要做好集中,就要总揽全局,把握大势,站得高,看得远;就要有民主精神,虚心倾听大家意见;就要善于沟通协调,求同存异,不轻言放弃,按照民主集中制原则作出决策;就要有文字概括能力和语言表达能力ã€?span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: left; line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 32.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast">集中是在民主基础上的集中,要提行使民主的能力才能达成高水平的集中。没能力就发表不了意见,发表不了意见就不能行使民主。要有民主心理承受能力,克服顾虑多,不敢说,坚决反对会上不说,会下乱说。民主表达是有渠道的,该说时要充分表达,不该说时就别乱表达。要愉快地服从集体决定,民主集中制就是少数人服从多数的决定,你可以保留意见,但必须服从。我们有些党员个性太强,当组织决定与他想法不一致时,思想消极,行动迟缓,这是违反民主集中制的表现ã€?br /><br /></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: right; line-height: 25pt; text-indent: 32.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-line-height-rule: exactly"><span style="font-family: 宋体; color: #333333; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><font face="Arial">æ–?技术经济研究院党组书记、副院长  王燕å†?/font></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td class="height26 font14" align="right">    </td> </tr> </table> <table border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0> <tr><td align='center'> <script> var maxPageNum=1; if (maxPageNum>1){ var pageName = 1; var ccc = pageName-10; if (ccc<1) ccc=1; var sss=""; if (pageName>1){ sss +="<a href='../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368797/c1414657/content_1.html' target='_self'>首页</a> "; sss +="<a href='../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368797/c1414657/content_"+(pageName-1)+".html' target='_self'>上页</a> "; } while (ccc<pageName){ sss += "<a href='../../../../../n31539/n1326707/n1368786/n1368797/c1414657/content_"+ccc+".html' target='_self'>"+ccc+"</a> "; 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